Differential content of glyphosate and its metabolites in Digitaria insularis biotypes

Communications in Plant Sciences, vol 3, issues 3-4, p.17-20, 2013

Full title: Differential content of glyphosate and its metabolites in Digitaria insularis biotypes

Authors: Leonardo Bianco de Carvalho, Antonia María Rojano-Delgado, Pedro Luis da Costa Aguiar Alves and Rafael De Prado

Abstract: Experiments were carried out in controlled conditions to analyze the role of metabolism of glyphosate in Digitaria insularis (sourgrass) biotypes with differential response to the herbicide. Contents of glyphosate, aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA), glyoxylate, and sarcosine was detected in leaf tissues by using reversed-polarity capillarity electrophoresis. Glyphosate content in the A biotype increased from 19.7 up to 65.5 µg g fresh weight-1, whereas decreasing from 19.9 down to 5.0 µg g fresh weight-1 in the B biotype, from 48 up to 168 hours after treatment. At 168 hours after treatment, percentage of the sum of AMPA, glyoxylate, and sarcosine was > 56% in the B biotype, whereas a small percentage of metabolites (< 10%) was found in the A biotype. Thus, the faster herbicide degradation in the B biotype is evidence that a differential metabolism of glyphosate can be conferring its lesser susceptibility to the herbicide.

Keywords: Digitaria insularis, N-phosphonomethylglycine, herbicide degradation.

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